Arguably education is the most crucial equipment that provides human race the privilege to control not only the world, but also the universe. Teaching not only builds bridge between knowledge and implementation, but also helps knowledge to channel through generations. Consequently, the more advanced teaching strategies will be developed and practiced, the more knowledge will be produced. The modern teaching pedagogies have gone far from the traditional ones with its different approach on the role of teacher, classroom equipment and teacher-student interaction.
From an early childhood, children of Bangladesh grow fear of learning in general and of educational institutions in particular. The education system does not invoke innovation but memorization at large. Most of the class activities are fundamentally long lectures and routine examinations to check students’ improvement. Also, subjects that should boost creativity like language, literature and so on actually are nightmares for students as they are forced to remember even essays. Moreover, teachers do not allow students to build amiable relationships hence many students cannot overcome their weaknesses and leave study.
Further, there is little scope for extra-academic activities in the education system of the country. Students mostly have marginal involvement in extra-curricular activities however, these activities are essentially important to build team building attitude, confidence and other soft skills necessary for life. The academic activities are designed in the way that constantly put students in a study pressure due to class test, homework, routine examination and so on while making students reluctant to involve in any learning activity in general.
For instance, visiting historical places as part of study tour which students enjoy significantly is arranged once a year. Besides, extra-class tuition from teachers is a unique characteristic in the education system where students regardless of their result and merit are manipulated and even forced to enroll in teachers’ coaching after school. Every now and then it even cause students’ nightmare because teachers sometime penalize by reducing marks in exam papers if a student does not take extra tuition from respective teacher.
Currently, the practicum in teaching is kaleidoscopic. Evaluating traditional to modern teaching practices, the role of teacher has reformed considerably. The power of teacher being the absolute authority in the class have shifted towards the students where they are empowered to choose their topics, content, teacher and even can contribute in teaching strategy in modern education. In modern classrooms, teacher acts more like a facilitator whose primary role is to channel knowledge through modern gadgetries amid students according to their capacities but to limit him/her only on delivering lectures. Classroom equipment is crucial in modern teaching style than it was in the traditional one.
Traditional method uses text-book only whereas modern method incorporates hands-on material approach like newspaper, YouTube, articles from renowned journals across the globe, power-point presentation and so on. For instance projectors, used in modern classrooms, allow the privilege to connect directly with eminent scholars from various parts of the world which traditional classroom commonly could not afford due to transportation, schedule, location and economic constrains. A sharp distinction in traditional and modern teacher-student relationship can be located effortlessly.
In the modern method, teachers often flipped the classroom where children get on with the work whereas teachers act as guides while in conventional classroom this sort of interaction between teachers and students are unthinkable. Playing indoor and outdoor games are now an important part of modern pedagogy consequently, teachers become more close to their students than ever before through these game yet, traditional classroom lack this interaction. As teaching methods of the modern age is much experimental and research based than the conventional ones, teacher-student interaction excels to a height never achieved before realizing the significance.
Through experimentation and research, modern and traditional pedagogies have metamorphosed predominantly on the role of teacher, classroom equipment and pedagogy. Hence, we should put much stress on research regarding pedagogies that will result innovations and knowledge for the betterment of the human civilization.
The writer is an Editor of the English Section at Narayanganj Bulletin and a Post-Grad Student at Jahangirnagar University